Honour for 83-year-old Samaritans volunteer

listening on the phone

An 83-year old volunteer charity worker who has been helping vulnerable people for 57 years has been appointed MBE.

Alan Woodhouse, a former teacher who helped set up the Samaritans’ Liverpool branch in 1960, says everyone should volunteer because “it will enrich your life.”

In other honours, Sir David Behan, chief executive of watchdog the Care Quality Commission, has been knighted.

And Angela Rippon has been appointed CBE for services to dementia care.

The journalist and broadcaster became an ambassador for the Alzheimer’s Society in 2009 after caring for her mother Edna, who was diagnosed with dementia in 2004.

She co-chairs the prime minister’s committee to create dementia-friendly communities, which focuses on improving quality of life for the 850,000 people living with the disease in the UK.

She said the award was “a huge honour”.

“No-one who volunteers for any charity ever does so in the expectation that they will receive any kind of honour or recognition,” she continued.

“We do it to put something back into our communities, and hopefully to make a difference.”

Mr Woodhouse, from Merseyside, who is the Samaritans’ longest-serving volunteer, said his honour was recognition of the work of all the charity’s staff throughout the decades who had given their time for others.

He said volunteering made him feel good.

“On every shift I’ve done there’s been a moment that has left me with a sense of purpose, knowing that you are doing something meaningful.”

Mr Woodhouse has trained hundreds of new recruits and raised vital funds during his time with the charity.

Sir David Behan CBE, meanwhile, was appointed to lead the body which regulates health and social care in England – the Care Quality Commission – in 2012 following a report which criticised it for failing patients.


Among other figures in the world of health to receive an honour is Prof Guang-Zhong Yang, who is appointed CBE, and whose work as director of the Hamlyn Centre for Robotic Surgery at Imperial College London has focused on new imaging and robotic techniques which can be used in surgery.

Prof Elizabeth Anionwu, emeritus professor of nursing at the University of West London, has been awarded a damehood for services to nursing.

She was inspired to become a nurse at the age of four, when she was treated for eczema, and became a school nurse assistant at the age of 16.

Prof Anionwu has since devoted her career to developing counselling services for people with sickle cell and thalassaemia, benefitting multi-ethnic communities in particular.

On the list of OBEs are Anne Jolly, the founder of Sudden Adult Death Trust UK, Sue Baker, director of mental health charity Time to Change, and the chief executive of Young Minds, Sarah Brennan, for services to children and young people’s mental health.

Jane Gray, a consultant nurse, has also been appointed OBE for services to homeless and vulnerable people in the Midlands.

People working in the health sector make up 7% of all New Year honours.

New Year honour for TV tech campaigner Maggie Philbin

Maggie Philbin

TV presenter Maggie Philbin has been appointed OBE in the New Year Honours list.

Ms Philbin has been honoured for her work in sparking young peoples’ interest in working in science, technology and engineering.

She co-founded the TeenTech organisation, which holds events that introduce school children to technical and creative careers.

Ms Philbin has also had a long media career connected to science and tech.

Her broadcasting career began in the late 1970s when Ms Philbin presented the pioneering BBC saturday morning children’s show Multi-Coloured Swap Shop.

From there, she went on to work on the iconic BBC science show Tomorrow’s World. During the eight years she worked on that programme, Ms Philbin was first to demonstrate many innovations including car navigation systems, fax machines and mobile phones.

More recently, Ms Philbin was a reporter on the BBC’s Bang Goes The Theory science show, and has regularly appeared on other radio and TV programmes as an science expert.

In 2008, she helped to start the non-profit TeenTech organisation that aimed to give young people a realistic view of what it is like to work in jobs that have a high science, technology, engineering and mathematics component.

It regularly runs events that let school children talk to people that work in different technical sectors and lets them get a feel for the techniques, equipment and approaches used in those professions.

Ms Philbin said giving children an insight into the ways that innovation and advances occur was important because an increasing proportion of jobs revolved around competence in science, technology and maths.



It’s hard to think of anyone in the last 30 years who has had quite such an impact on enthusing people – and in particular young people – about technology as Maggie Philbin.

People of my generation will remember her as the woman who introduced us to everything from sat-nav to digital cameras on Tomorrow’s World.

But today she is doing amazing work to get teenagers thinking about learning technology skills through her TeenTech organisation.

Having once acted as a judge at the TeenTech Awards, I can testify to Maggie’s inspirational qualities, both in showing young people that technology is about creativity as well as consumption, and in persuading companies to back her vision.


Other technology figures recognised in the New Years Honours list include:

  • Dr David Watson from IBM Research UK
  • Pauline Wiltshire of Barclay’s Silver Digital Eagles digital inclusion project
  • Deborah Forster, chief executive of Apps for Good
  • Joseph White, co-founder of free website builder Moonfruit and general partner of Entrepreneur First

Record or not in 2016, auto sales growth seen drawing to end

While it’s still too close to call whether 2016 delivered another annual record for U.S. auto sales, it’s clear the era of rapid growth is over.

The industry is entering 2017 with analysts projecting the first significant decline in eight years — a drop of 200,000 vehicles, about the equivalent of one factory’s production — to 17.3 million cars and light trucks. While top-earning consumers will continue to snap up luxury vehicles loaded with high-tech features, analysts say higher expenses are working against less well-heeled buyers.

“Car sales have experienced an unprecedented run that just couldn’t last forever,” said Michelle Krebs, senior analyst with Cox Automotive. “Rising gas prices, rising interest rates — that just puts pressure on household budgets.”

There’s one wild card for the U.S. auto industry as the year begins: The arrival of Donald Trump as U.S. president on Jan. 20. During the campaign Trump discussed policies that have potential to help auto sales — tax cuts, for example — or hurt them, such as adding tariffs on imported vehicles.

When automakers release results Wednesday, analysts on average project that December sales will come in at a seasonally adjusted annualized rate of 17.6 million cars and light trucks, up from last December’s 17.5 million rate and probably good enough to just squeak past 2015’s full-year total, which also was 17.5 million.

One challenge is that there was one fewer selling day this December compared with the year-earlier month. Another is that December can vex automotive advertisers, caught between November’s Black Friday sales pushes and the clutter of holiday-season ads for other consumer goods.

‘Tricky’ December

“December is kind of a tricky month,” particularly from Dec. 10 to 26, said Cynthia Brown, Toyota’s national advertising manager for dealerships. This observation led to the heavy use of Toyota’s “Right Light” spot, in which a soldier sees a welcome home greeting outside her airplane window, written with strings of holiday lights. The feel-good ad contains only a subtle reminder of December’s “Toyotathon” sales event.

Other automakers didn’t hold back. Cable channels were jammed with leasing deals, no-interest offers and other aggressive come-ons. General Motors, the largest U.S. automaker, may gain 4.4 percent, based on the average analyst estimate. Fiat Chrysler, which discontinued its compact and midsize sedans, is projected to drop 14 percent, while Ford, Toyota, Honda and Nissan are all seen slipping less than 3 percent.

Either way 2016 turns out, what a run it’s been: Since the depths of the recession, light-vehicle sales in the world’s most lucrative market have grown faster than a million units a year on average, delivering an unprecedented streak of annual gains.

Looking ahead

Most automakers will reveal their 2017 forecasts next month around the North American International Auto Show in Detroit.

The average estimate in a Bloomberg survey of analysts has risen to 17.3 million cars and light trucks from a 17.2 million average in November.

One reason for the boost is Brian Johnson of Barclays, among the more bearish analysts this year, who raised his outlook for the industry in an extensive Dec. 16 report about the effects of the Trump administration. Where he once predicted an “eroding plateau,” he’s now calling for, well, just a plain old plateau.

“In 2017, tax cuts, new fiscal stimulus, as well as improved ‘animal spirits,’ could strengthen consumer spending and effectively extend the auto cycle,” Johnson wrote. U.S. consumer confidence, which recovered from the lowest levels on record to above average during Barack Obama’s presidency, has continued to climb since Trump’s election and in December reached the highest since 2001.

Incentive spending

Longer term, Johnson cautions that rising interest rates, weakening residual values, ongoing shifts away from personal vehicle ownership and potential tightening in availability of financing will keep sales from soaring to 18 million.

Johnson also sees some risk in automakers’ willingness to spend a bit more freely on incentives. Discounts have risen almost 14 percent this year through November to $3,303 on average, according to Autodata Corp. — but average transaction prices have also risen, allowing automakers to remain extremely profitable. If many automakers project another 17.5 million year, they may plan their production around that level and then further increase incentives if needed to soak up the supply, he said.

For investors, the hope is that with today’s more-flexible labor contracts, automakers are better positioned to avoid the bad habits of past downturns, such as building vehicles no one wants to buy and then selling them at a loss.

“In past years you had a legacy cost associated with the Detroit 3 in terms of excess capacity and excess labor that is no longer part of the system,” said Joe Langley, an analyst with IHS Markit. “So there’s no need to take some of these measures that we’ve done in the past of artificially overproducing vehicles and overly incentivizing them.”

While tax cuts and a promised surge in infrastructure spending might spur demand, IHS Markit cautions that the complexity of legislation needed to enact these efforts – as well as the time to implement them — mean that many benefits won’t be felt quickly.

“For example, an infrastructure bill, if passed in the first half of next year, will not impact the economy until 2018, because it takes several months of planning before a project can get underway,” said Patrick Newport, the firm’s U.S. economist.

“Similarly, corporate tax reform will take several months to work its way through Congress.”

Mexico fuel price increase expected to boost sales of more efficient cars

MEXICO CITY — An imminent jump in Mexican gasoline prices should not reduce auto sales in the near term but will ultimately boost the market for more fuel-efficient cars, a leading Mexican auto industry group said Thursday.

This week, Mexico’s finance ministry said gasoline costs would rise by up to 20 percent in January as it moved to end years of government-set prices, prompting economists to begin upwardly revising inflation forecasts for 2017.

Higher driving costs could weigh on hitherto brisk appetite for new autos in Latin America’s second-biggest economy.

Vehicle sales in Mexico rose 19 percent to more than 1.4 million in the year through November, official data shows.

Guillermo Rosales, deputy director of the Mexican association of automobile distributors (AMDA), said higher fuel costs would likely boost demand for more energy-efficient cars.

“In the short-term, I don’t think there will be a decline in the number of vehicles sold,” Rosales said in a statement to Reuters. “In the medium to long term, we’ll see a change in the trend that favors models which consume less [fuel].”

Mexican motorists were downbeat about the immediate outlook, saying they would have to work longer hours and spend less to compensate for higher fuel costs.

“It’s going to have a huge impact,” said Juan Olivar, 35, a Mexico City taxi driver, noting that taxi fares would need to rise to make up for the fuel hike.

Complicating matters further, parts of Mexico have also been hit by fuel shortages, partly due to theft via illegal taps in the pipeline network of state oil company Pemex.

On Christmas, the company cautioned Mexicans against making “panic buys” of fuel in the central state of San Luis Potosi as gas stations reported shortages.

Gerardo Chavez, 54, a fuel attendant in the affluent Lomas de Chapultepec neighborhood of Mexico City who depends on tips, said he had earned no tip money to buy food for his family one day last week when his station ran short of gasoline.

“With the fuel increase, people aren’t even going to tip us,” he said.

Star Wars card firm Topps hit by ‘unforgiveable’ hack

Topps Star Wars card collection

The maker of iconic collectable trading cards has said hackers could have stolen customers’ credit and debit card numbers along with their associated security codes in a recent breach.

Topps’ products include Star Wars, Disney’s Frozen, Top Gear and the UEFA champion league.

The New York firm told the BBC that the vulnerability had since been fixed.

But a security researcher said he had previously warned the firm about security weaknesses.

Topps declined to say how many people were affected or why the payment card numbers were at risk. In most hack attacks, companies assure users that they do not store such financial data in a form that can be exposed.

In an email to customers Topps wrote that on 12 October “one or more intruders gained unauthorised access” to its systems.

“[They] may have gained access to names, addresses, email addresses, phone numbers, credit or debit card numbers, card expiration dates and card verification numbers for customers [who made purchases] between approximately 30 July 2016 and 12 October 2016,” it added.

It is offering one year’s worth of free identify theft protection to those affected.

Various customers have posted the email on social media and it is also available .

Topps is part-owned by , the former chief executive of Disney.


“The really unforgivable aspect here is the loss of credit card details,” said cyber-security expert Prof Alan Woodward from Surrey University.

“If this was an external attack, these details just should not be accessible or readable. An obvious question is, was the customers financial data encrypted?

“If not that should attract some heavy attention from the appropriate regulators.”

Chris Vickery, a security researcher from Chromatech with three of Topps’ mobile apps: Bunt, Huddle, and Kick.

He wrote that it was fixed. However, he later found another database containing information about the users of all three apps, and on this occasion was unable to get a response from the firm.

“I can’t in good conscience watch this data continue to leak without at least trying to get a warning out,” he said at the time.

Three Apple predictions for 2017

apple.jpg

Predictions are a tricky business. Suggesting that Apple’s port elimination trend would continue was a safe bet in January of this year. The forecast proved correct when new MacBook Pros were introduced that emphasize USB-C ports and iPhone 7s hit the scene packing a single lightning port and no audio jack.

My prediction that Apple would introduce its own streaming service in 2016? Well, we’re all still waiting for that one.

What innovations or changes does Apple have in store for 2017? Here are three predictions I’m making; post your own by joining the discussion below.

SEE: Apple rumored to launch three iPad Pro models in spring 2017 (ZDNet)

1: New desktop models

With high certainty, look for Apple to introduce faster desktop computers. I believe Apple will introduce both boosted Mac Pro models possessing faster IO speeds, more potent processors, and even more capable video cards.

Don’t be surprised if iMacs and Mac minis receive video processor, CPU, and IO improvements, too. I suspect these desktop models will begin using SSDs exclusively, too, beginning in 2017.

Less likely is the introduction of an improved Mac keyboard for desktops that includes Apple’s new Touch Bar. But if the Touch Bar were to arrive in desktop keyboards, the move would signal the innovation is more than just a gimmick for high-end MacBook Pro laptops.

SEE: Tim Cook says ‘great desktops’ are on the way for Apple (TechRepublic)

2: A Siri-powered Bluetooth speaker

Amazon’s Dot and Echo, which features Alexis, and Google’s Home, which boasts its own voice-activated assistant, are proving popular. Yet, Apple has no official Siri-compatible Bluetooth speaker capable of receiving and responding to voice commands, playing streaming music, and performing other hands-free conveniences.

I wouldn’t be surprised if Apple introduces its own voice-activated, Siri-compatible speaker in 2017. What could prove surprising is if Apple introduces a couple higher-end models possessing more impressive fidelity than is normal for such speakers. Considering Apple owns Beats, which manufactures speakers recognized by many for their sound quality, I’m surprised they haven’t already introduced such models.

3: Touch-screen MacBooks

Microsoft’s generating headlines (if not equally robust sales) with its Surface Pro 4 touch-screen tablets, and that could be all the reason Apple needs to add touch-screen displays to its laptop lineup. While users can add a Smart Keyboard to an iPad Pro, there are still plenty of business users wanting or requiring the storage and performance traditionally associated with notebook computers.

If Apple provides a touch-screen option, I would expect Apple to also re-engineer the display’s lid to enable swiveling the screen and folding the tablet back upon itself, which is the configuration often found in medical environments. That’s a much taller order and, should the prediction fail to materialize, the first likely reason this bold prediction proves wrong. Apple may not be willing to sink such investment into reconfiguring a laptop lineup that’s already widely considered by many to provide the best performing notebooks, pound-for-pound.

How to add a cloud-based document app on Nextcloud

One reason why most small businesses should consider using the Nextcloud cloud server is that you can easily expand its capabilities from a standard cloud storage/sync to a full-featured groupware solution.

For instance, with the Documents app, you enable a built-in document editor for your Nextcloud server. Although the editor isn’t quite as feature rich as a standard document editor such as LibreOffice or Microsoft Word, it does a great job creating documents and editing documents. Currently, the app only supports .odt files, but it does include support for LibreOffice comments (but not track changes). You can format documents and even share them. Let’s install this app and get it working with Nextcloud.

SEE: Predictions 2017: Three reasons businesses can’t ignore the rapidly growing cloud market (ZDNet)

Installing the Documents app

I’ll add the Documents app on an updated Nextcloud 10.0.1 instance, running on Ubuntu 16.04.2 server. Note: Version 11 of Nextcloud will be arriving soon; this process will remain standard across versions.

Here are the steps for adding the Documents app.

  1. Log into Nextcloud as an admin user.
  2. Click the upper left drop-down.
  3. Click the + button.
  4. Click the gear icon in the bottom left corner.
  5. Click to enable experimental apps (Figure A).
  6. Once enabled, click the Productivity entry in the left pane.
  7. Locate Documents and click Enable.
  8. Wait for the app to be downloaded and installed from the app store.

Figure A

Figure AFigure A

Using the Documents app

Click the drop-down in the upper left corner of the window and select Documents (Figure B). This will open the Documents app in Nextcloud where you can upload documents or create new documents.

Figure B

Figure BFigure B

As you’re working on a document within the Nextcloud Documents app, you’ll notice the Share button is available; unfortunately, the share functionality does not currently function within the Documents app. You can, however, share documents you’ve created within the Files app. To do this, follow these steps.

  1. Close the document you are working on.
  2. Click the upper-left drop-down.
  3. Click Files.
  4. Click the document icon associated with the file you want to share.
  5. In the right pane (Figure C), type the name of the user, group, or users on other Nextcloud (or ownCloud) servers using the format USERNAME@nextcloudserver.com/nextcloud.
  6. Select the editorial level options for that user (can share, can edit).
  7. Close the Share window by clicking the X in the upper right corner.

Figure C

Figure CFigure C

Hopefully, in the near future, the Documents app will gain a working share functionality.

A worthy addition

If you’re working with Nextcloud and want to add the ability to edit documents housed on that cloud, or even create new ones, you should seriously considering adding the Document app—it’s free, and it functions mostly as expected. If you’re okay working with the .odt file format, you’ll find this app a worthy addition to Nextcloud.

Primary school children make anti-smoking packaging

Children holding up anti-smoking packaging

Primary school children in Coventry are at the centre of a nationwide anti-smoking campaign.

Pupils from Earlsdon Primary School have drawn their own anti-smoking packaging ahead of the country’s plain packaging rollout in May 2017.

Public Health England (PHE) said it hopes the message “resonates” with the country’s 7m smokers.

PHE said that 78,000 people in England die every year from smoking.

The government approved the use of plain packaging on cigarette cartons – which removes messages, colours and brand images – in May.

The children drew their own front-of-pack messages, with sentiments like, “don’t be the smoker, be the stopper”.

The drawings also feature illustrations of diseases that can be caused by smoking, like heart attacks and strokes.


The children’s designs won’t be used – instead, the actual packaging will feature graphic pictures and text health warnings.

National director for health and wellbeing Kevin Fenton said: “I hope the children’s heartfelt pleas will resonate with smokers around the country to encourage them to take advantage of the free campaign tools and support available, and to make 2017 the year they quit for good.”


England’s chief medical officer Professor Dame Sally Davies said: “Stopping smoking will have a dramatic positive impact on your health and the health of those around you, especially children, and is the single best health decision you can make this new year.”

Campaign group Forest, which supports those who choose to smoke, said the use of children for an anti-smoking message was “emotional blackmail” and should not be “financed with taxpayers’ money”.

Director Simon Clark said: “Using children to make adults feel guilty about smoking is a new low for the public health industry.”

The numbers that made 2016 stand out

$14.7 billion

Volkswagen AG’s settlement with regulators and owners of 450,000 polluting diesel vehicles, approved by a judge in October.

$1.87

The U.S. average per-gallon cost of gasoline in February 2016, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. That was the lowest gasoline price since January 2009, when a gallon cost $1.84, and the lowest price for last year.

18

The number of trophies the 2016 Volvo XC90 was awarded from U.S. media outlets and press associations, marking a resurgence for the brand.

300

How many years’ worth of time Google’s Waymo prototype self-driving cars have spent driving around and learning how to behave like a human driver.

41

In months, how long FCA’s sales streak lasted before ending in September 2013. The company restated sales in July 2016, admitting its 75-month U.S. sales streak was not actually a thing.

531

The number of Cadillac ELRs sold through November. Cadillac said in February it would discontinue the slow-selling plug-in hybrid, which execs admitted was overpriced at its 2013 launch at $75,995, including shipping. Cadillac slashed the price by about $10,000 for the 2016 model year.

46 million

Number of recalled Takata airbag inflators in 29 million vehicles across 19 brands in the U.S. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration expanded the recall in May.

6 seconds

How long a test drive of a Mercedes GLE350 lasted before the customer flipped the crossover on its side, just feet from the dealership’s showroom.

75th

Anniversary that Jeep celebrated on July 16, 2016, which marked the day in 1941 when Willys-Overland Motor Co. in Toledo, Ohio, received its first contract to produce the Willys MB for use by the American military.

30

How many cars noted designer J Mays drew for Disney’s Zootopia movie, including a convertible made to accommodate a moose’s antlers and a tall, articulated car big enough to fit a giraffe.

Ice, Zika and babies from three people – health in 2016

Innovations that will change people’s lives

This year has seen the birth of the first three-person baby, a dangerous Zika epidemic and a huge injustice overturned by medical science.

There were also breakthroughs in a range of deadly diseases.


A year ago hardly anyone had heard of Zika virus. Now the birth of babies with underdeveloped brains – known as microcephaly – is all too familiar.

The World Health Organization declared the disease, which is spread by mosquitoes, a public health emergency.

The concern was initially centred on Brazil, but the infection has spread to 75 countries and territories.

Huge effort has been put into controlling the mosquito, but there remains no drug or vaccine for the disease.


The first baby conceived using a new method to combine material from two women and one man was born in Mexico.

The baby boy has a tiny section of DNA – about 0.1% of the total – from the second woman in order to prevent “mitochondrial disease” being passed from mother to child.

Meanwhile the UK – which pioneered the advanced form of IVF – has given the procedure the go-ahead and 30 babies a year are expected to be born in the country.

Clara says that Orkambi has transformed her ‘into a butterfly from a cocoon’

The transformation in Clara is amazing.

She has cystic fibrosis which leads to her producing really thick mucus that clogs and damages in her lungs.

Only half of patients with the disease make it into their 40s, but a new drug called Orkambi corrects the underlying genetic defect that causes cystic fibrosis.

Clara was on a trial of the drug and says her life has been transformed.


Sarah sees things that aren’t there: “I hallucinated that my body has morphed spiders’ legs or rabbit ears, I’ve seen them there, I’ve felt them there,” she said.

But doctors have discovered that the cause of her disease is a rogue immune system that is attacking a part of her brain.

It’s part of the rapidly emerging field of immunopsychiatry – that the immune system causes mental health disorders.

She was treated with drugs to suppress the immune system and even had her blood filtered to remove the “rogue” components.

There are even suggestions the immune system is involved in depression.


Surgeons say this laser could be “truly transformative” in the treatment of early stage prostate cancer.

Men currently have the choice of letting the cancer grow or risking impotence and incontinence by having surgery to remove a tumour.

Now drug has been made from bacteria that live in near-total darkness and becomes toxic only when exposed to light. Its injected into the prostate. Then ten lasers are inserted into the tumour to activate the drug.

It kills the cancer, while preserving the rest of the prostate and has no side effects in clinical trials.


One of the most demonised patients in history – Gaetan Dugas – was convincingly cleared of claims he spread HIV to the US by scientists.

Mr Dugas was a homosexual flight attendant and gained legendary status in the history of HIV/Aids when he became known as “Patient Zero”.

But a study showed he was just one of thousands of infected people in the 1970s and that New York was a crucial hub for the spread of the virus.

The Air Canada employee was labelled Patient O (the letter, not the number) by the US Centres for Disease Control because he was a case “Out-of-California”.

Over time the O became a 0 and the term Patient Zero was born. It is still used to this day to describe the first identified case of an outbreak.


Scientists say have grown embryos in the laboratory for longer than ever before and have now reached the legal 14-day limit.

It’s the first time embryos have been grown past the point they would normally implant in the womb.

The researchers believe studying the embryos will improve fertility treatments and revolutionise knowledge of the earliest stages of human life.

Some scientists have now called for the legal limit to be increased.

Sound waves operate on brain to repair man’s tremor

Doctors have used sound waves to successfully operate deep inside the brain with no scalpels in sight.

They treated a man from Cornwall who suffered from uncontrollable tremors in his right hand.

Selwyn Lucas, who is 52, can now hold his hand steady and said he felt “fantastic”.

The team at St Mary’s hospital in London used focused ultrasound guided by an MRI scanner to destroy tissue causing the tremor.


The unbelievable phenomenon in 2014 that was the Ice Bucket Challenge actually led to an important scientific discovery.

The viral videos of people pouring ice-cold water over themselves raised $115m (£87.7m) for the ALS Association, set up to raise funds for research into a form of motor neurone disease called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Research funded by the Ice Bucket Challenge uncovered a new gene – called NEK1 – that contributes to the disease.

Scientists claim to have developed an invisible elastic film that can be applied to the skin and eye bags.

Scientists say they have made a leap in knowing why some people retain their youthful looks while others age badly – and .

Morning flu jabs than those given in the afternoon.

Human life spans may be limited to .

Early trial data shows can slow the growth of cancer in clinical trials.

Custom-made, have been 3D-printed in a what could be a significant advance for regenerative medicine.